Sustainable agriculture is a pivotal challenge on the earth. To feed the rising inhabitants on the earth we hardly see any various to introducing revolutionary applied sciences and practices within the area of agriculture. In the latest years many international locations are emphasizing climate-smart agriculture applied sciences to make sure sustainable farming. Climate-smart agriculture is an method for creating agricultural methods to safe sustainable meals safety underneath local weather change. This idea refers to local weather responsive agriculture which may maintain productiveness amid a altering local weather, improve resilience and scale back greenhouse gases.
It is not any denial that the world has seen a major enhance in agricultural productiveness over time. The spirit of inexperienced revolution has knocked at each nook of the world. There are many creating international locations which have been capable of obtain meals safety rising bumper crops utilizing their restricted agricultural land useful resource.
In this consideration Bangladesh could also be taken as a obvious instance. After her independence in 1971, the meals productiveness of the nation has elevated manifolds. It is obvious that within the final 50 years the nation has misplaced a few of its agricultural land as a result of offering residing areas for the rising inhabitants. Though the cultivable land of the nation is restricted, the farmers have been capable of produce extra crops with the spirit of inexperienced revolution. Over the years, the nation has attained meals safety to some extent.
However, the revolution within the world agriculture has not been capable of mitigate the starvation drawback utterly. People of many African and Asian international locations are bearing the brunt of meals disaster. Reports estimate that there are about 800 million undernourished and 1 billion malnourished individuals on the earth. Again, it’s estimated that by the top of 2050 the world inhabitants will attain 9 billion. To feed up your entire inhabitants the agriculture productiveness will enhance by 60 per cent.
Certainly, there isn’t a various to adopting revolutionary methods in agriculture to make sure extra productiveness for the rising inhabitants. But the considerations are extra pervasive because of the unprecedented climatic adjustments affecting agriculture sector drastically. Due to the rise of world temperatures brought on by human actions together with climate variability and plenty of extra man-made and pure causes are shrinking agricultural productiveness on the earth.
Climate change is a risk to sustainable productiveness in agriculture. In the Asian context Bangladesh is liable to experiencing a serious risk in its agriculture as a result of gradual local weather change which causes river erosion, floods, flash floods and intrusion of salinity into the land. The rise of sea stage, rainfall variability and depth of utmost climate, have appreciable impacts on the nation’s agricultural manufacturing.
It is true that the worldwide local weather change is past our management however the query is; how far we’re dedicated to creating the environment liveable? We are doing many unwise acts which are making the setting susceptible. We see, in agriculture, farmers are so determined to make use of the chemical substances of their discipline in a bid to make sure extra productiveness.
But it’s evident that the elevated use of pesticides, chemical fertilizers and plenty of extra poisonous substances are degrading soil qualities considerably. Not solely that, this course of has made a major price for farming. Amid all these essentially the most concern is that they’re inflicting nice harms to the human beings, livestock, wild and aquatic lives and above all setting.
In Bangladesh the coastal zone suffers drastically because of the frequent go to of many pure disasters resembling cyclones, storm surges and floods. Climate change is not directly liable for bringing such disasters. In these areas agriculture, fishing and farming bear many challenges. Due to the fixed threats within the agriculture of this zone, the federal government has recognized the zone as agro ecologically deprived area.
Every 12 months big quantity of crops are broken as a result of enduring shocks from local weather change. Again, local weather change results in decreasing crop yields, the dietary high quality of main cereals, and decreasing livestock productiveness. But can we take a look to opening up prospects for the farmers within the zone introducing climate-smart agriculture applied sciences?
Studies all over the world have proved that climate-smart agriculture applied sciences convey big prospects to make sure sustainable meals safety. Many international locations are seeing innovation utilizing these agro-technologies. However, many might elevate a query; is climate-smart agriculture an innovation forward of inexperienced revolution?
Green revolution is undeniably a elementary challenge in growing meals manufacturing however climate-smart agriculture is constructed upon a technical basis. For instance, on this method, there’s a scope to make use of on-farm sensors for guaranteeing real-time administration of crops and livestock techniques. This method permits agriculture with minimizing fertilizers and chemical substances and encourages use of built-in crops and pest administration techniques. Digital applied sciences are used to watch the climate and supply early warning companies which guarantee resilience in agriculture.
Climate-smart agriculture goals to attain three outcomes. These are productiveness, adaptation, and mitigation that are interlinked. First of all, climate-smart agriculture helps to extend productiveness. Not solely that, it ensures higher meals to enhance diet safety and increase incomes for the poor and marginalized communities who preserve livelihoods by farming. Secondly, it reduces the vulnerability brought on by climate-related dangers and shocks.
Crops develop with pure adaptability to face quick and long run stresses brought on by local weather change. It helps to reinforce resilience of agriculture. Lastly, this technique helps to scale back greenhouse gases within the ambiance and avoids deforestation from agriculture.
In Bangladesh context, among the practices of climate-smart agriculture have been existent within the title of conventional farming practices, particularly within the southern coastal plains for hundreds of years, in response to growing floods and cyclones. But this isn’t vital to convey a fast response of agriculture to the local weather change.
Reports say that there are greater than 30 per cent cultivable land within the coastal areas however farmers have merely the scope to domesticate a lot of the land in these areas through the winter however these are left fallow throughout different seasons. To assist the movement of meals productiveness it’s time to take initiatives on introducing climate-smart agriculture applied sciences not solely within the coastal areas but in addition throughout the nation that can assist guarantee sustainable meals safety.
However, it’s appreciative that Bangladesh has taken initiatives to deal with climate-smart agriculture applied sciences to make sure sustainable agriculture. Apart from this, lately, at a two-day ministerial stage assembly of D-8 international locations the proposal of Bangladesh about an built-in venture for creating climate-smart applied sciences is accepted by the alliance. This venture will probably be applied with monetary and technical help from completely different worldwide donor companies and contribute to making sure sustainable agriculture by means of their completely different ventures.
Lastly, we hardly have any choices to satisfy the plan of meals safety and sustainable agriculture with out taking initiatives urgently to make use of each piece of agricultural land correctly. Climate responsive agriculture will take the nation’s agriculture sector to an incredible peak the place we is not going to solely have meals safety but in addition have the assure of high quality meals.
The author teaches at Prime University. He can be a analysis scholar on the IBS. Email: [email protected]