Financial penalties for animal neglect are small, rare and may go unpaid


In October 2019, Chris Swigart, a particular agent with the Iowa Division Criminal Investigation, drove down Timber Road within the rural Wayne County city of Russell and slowed his automobile.

Swigart was there to take a look at a reported unlicensed dog-breeding operation known as Elite Basset Hounds, run by Michael Johnson and his husband, Juan Johnson.

Although there are 299 licensed breeders in Iowa, felony investigations comparable to Swigart’s had been — and nonetheless are — rare. Even civil fines and license suspensions are comparatively unusual.

In reality, within the two years since Swigart’s go to to Elite Basset Hounds, solely three Iowa breeders and one supplier have been fined by the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship. The most up-to-date case includes Daniel Gingerich, a Wayne County breeder accused of greater than 100 violations of the federal Animal Welfare Act.

As for felony prosecutions, a simple-misdemeanor cost of animal neglect in Iowa carries a advantageous of $65 — lower than the price of a dashing ticket for driving 10 mph over the restrict. Even when breeders are convicted of stealing tens of 1000’s of {dollars} from dozens of patrons, a jail sentence isn’t assured — because the case of Elite Basset Hounds would ultimately present.


This is the previous website of Elite Basset Hounds in rural Wayne County, Iowa. The homeowners of the enterprise had been convicted of theft after being accused of defrauding 33 individuals who paid a complete of $41,000 for canines they by no means obtained. (Photos from Wayne County District Court recordsdata.)

From the place he was parked on Timber Road, Swigart noticed nothing that might point out a canine breeder was working out of the dilapidated farmhouse and outbuildings. In reality, as he later instructed the court docket, there was nothing to counsel any form of enterprise was being run on the positioning.

He was there as a result of he and Wayne County deputies had fielded complaints from a number of people who claimed to have paid for basset hounds from Elite over the previous two years and obtained nothing in return.

One man, Michael Budd of New Jersey, instructed authorities he purchased a basset hound from Elite in 2017 and organized to fulfill the Johnsons in Missouri to choose up the canine. He and his spouse flew 1,000 miles from New Jersey to St. Louis and had been on their technique to acquire their new pet when the Johnsons allegedly minimize off all communication with them. The Budds had been out $3,150.