Unless coverage formulation and implementation in agriculture is pushed by knowledge, Nigeria’s quest food security might stay unattainable.
Indeed specialists have insisted that implementation of the National Agricultural Sample Census (NASC) focused at capturing farming households for correct planning is significant on this regard.
Agricultural census is an built-in system of agricultural statistics with the target of offering main knowledge on the construction of the sector, similar to measurement of holdings, land tenure and others, which don’t change shortly over time.
According to the advice of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the pattern census is meant to be carried out each 10 years, to assist authorities monitor growth inside the agricultural sector, however studies have it that it was final performed 29 years in the past.
Nigeria performed the final spherical of the Agricultural Census in 1993/94. Since then, the agricultural knowledge scenario within the nation has slid backward and can finest be described as weak.
According to studies, there was lack of inter-censual surveys to replace the census, therefore the necessity to handle the weak agricultural scenario within the nation.
Experts declare that the NACS would afford farmers alternative to be listed based mostly on the crops they develop and their livestock. But regardless of the benefits, the nation has didn’t conduct the train as at when due, principally because of paucity of funds.
The Chief Executive Officer of Green Sahara Farms, Suleiman Dikwa, underscored the significance of the pattern census; saying with out correct knowledge, there can by no means be correct planning.
He mentioned if the Federal Government is honest, the pattern census would handle the challenges dealing with the sector, lamenting that because the case is in Nigeria, the operators of the interventions are the architects of the manipulation of the system.
“A neighborhood based mostly resident strategy, which collects info and intervenes on the neighborhood degree, is the answer reasonably than the third get together strategy to agro and different interventions.
“Interventions should help to have access to farmers to clear off products on the shelves at the community level, similar to how a farmer purchases other goods and services. The system as it exists is too sophisticated for the rural or smallholder farmer.”
The Assistant Director/Head of Agro-statistics Division, National Bureau of Statistics, Abuja, Bishop Ohioma, defined that knowledge assortment has impact within the Nigeria’s quest to achieve food sufficiency.
He revealed that there are plans to conduct the NASC quickly throughout all of the native councils, including that the coaching of trainers train is predicted to begin this month for a interval of 60 days, to have a look at the farming households.
“The other one is National Agricultural Sample Survey (NASS), and it is supposed to be yearly. The census is supposed to hold every 10 years as recommended by the FAO, the last time it was done was about 28 or 29 years ago. This is because of funds. So, immediately after the NASC, we will commence with NASS, which was done eight years ago. We will select farmers from the list we’ll obtain during the census.”
Ohioma disclosed that the Northern a part of Nigeria is all the time prepared to yield info throughout knowledge assortment, including that statistics has ripple impact within the nation’s quest to achieve food sufficiency.
“We may even take a look at the food security scenario throughout all of the native councils inside the states and we should always be capable to make suggestions to authorities. You know authorities is worried in regards to the food security scenario.
“Statistics is about estimate, it is very easy for us to collect data from the North than in the South. The NASC and NASS will boost food security; the problem we have in Nigeria for policy making is the problem of data,” he mentioned.
The CEO of Green Sahara Farms, Dikwa, nevertheless, sounded a observe of warning that the train might not obtain its aim if proper modalities are usually not adopted.
He mentioned: “On the opposite hand, the problem will not be that of census, however the modality deployed to collect the data.
“If the census is conducted and the same players who compromise the system are engaged to gather the information, then the purpose is defeated. The general census is coming up next year and I assume that occupation will be one of the information required and therefore can serve the same purpose.”