Iowa’s October weather was weird, but the crops loved it | Agriculture


Iowa and the nation might be headed for file corn yields, regardless of uneven weather all through the yr, state agriculture and local weather consultants mentioned.

Iowa corn is forecast at 2.5 billion bushels, averaging 201 bushels an acre, which is a rise of 24 bushels per acre over final yr, in line with the newest data from the federal agriculture division.

Mark Licht, an assistant professor and cropping programs specialist with Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, mentioned there’s an early push to reap soybeans resulting from an unusually dry rising season of heat temperatures and low humidity charges that created a speedy grain dry down.

“It seems to be getting bigger every time we look at it. When we’re looking nationwide, you’re talking about the largest production we’ve ever seen,” Chad Hart, a professor of agriculture economics, mentioned throughout taping for final weekend’s episode of “Iowa Press” on Iowa PBS. “So we are talking massive corn crop.”

Hart mentioned soybeans seem headed for equally huge yields. Soybeans in Iowa are forecast at 611 million bushes at a median of 61 bushels per acre, up 7 bushels per acre from final yr, in line with federal data.

And this impending bumper crop is on its means regardless of a yr that noticed extreme drought situations all through a lot of Iowa for a lot of the summer season, then persistent rains that led to one in all the wettest Octobers on file.

“It has been a roller coaster,” Dr. Justin Glisan, the state climatologist, mentioned throughout Friday’s taping. “We have been in a structural drought since May of 2020. And we’ve had ebb and movement, we’ve had warmth waves, we’ve had chilly weather outbreaks, we’ve had very dry situations …

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“So it is remarkable that we had the 10th-wettest October on record, really supplied us with additional subsoil moisture for next growing season. But those timely rainfalls during the growing season really held the crop on and … the yields look great.”

Hart mentioned the proliferation of hybrid corn choices has helped shield crops from the form of fluctuating weather that Iowa skilled this yr.

“What we have done over the past 40, 50, 60 years with these hybrids is we have developed hybrids that are more tolerant of a wider range of weather conditions, and those changes are definitely paying off as we look out there,” Hart mentioned.