Nature Note: Two kinds of Sumac | News


There are two kinds of sumac within the Skiatook space – clean sumac and winged sumac. Smooth or winged refers back to the look of the stem between the leaves. In winged sumac, a bit of leaf tissue is seen on the stem between the leaves, giving it the looks of being “winged.” Smooth sumac stems do not have this “wing.”

Smooth sumac is a standard shrub all through the tallgrass area. Plants happen in dense thickets that develop to fifteen toes tall. Leaves have a bluish solid. Greenish flowers seem within the spring adopted in late summer time by 4-6-inch erect clusters of edible purple berries, which stay all through the winter. Fall foliage is a deep purple shade. Chickadees and different birds feed on the berries, and deer forage the leaves and twigs. Berries can be utilized to make a lemonade-like drink. Native Americans made flour from the seeds.

Winged sumac has many traits like these of clean sumac. It grows in dense thickets and is usually cultivated to offer cowl for birds and different wildlife and for its shiny darkish inexperienced leaves and good orange-red fall foliage. Thickets seldom exceed 8 toes tall. Clusters of erect greenish-yellow flowers happen in the summertime adopted by drooping clusters of purple berries that persist into winter. Berries are meals for birds and different wildlife. The considerably bitter berries are wealthy in vitamin A and may be made right into a lemonade-like beverage.

There’s a widespread false impression that sumac is toxic. Although there’s a poison sumac, it isn’t present in Oklahoma. It happens within the swamps of the jap United States and within the peat bogs of the higher Midwest. It’s a tree that grows to almost 30 toes and has clusters of creamy white berries.