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Pakistan Says U.N. Envoy of Old Afghan Government Should Vacate Seat

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Pakistan’s overseas minister stated Friday that the United Nations ambassador from Afghanistan’s toppled authorities had no standing and that its seat on the 193-member group ought to stay vacant for now.

While not endorsing the Taliban’s request for U.N. illustration, the Pakistan overseas minister, Shah Mahmood Qureshi, stated in an interview with The New York Times that he had seen indications of improved stability in Afghanistan for the reason that American withdrawal practically a month in the past after 20 years of struggle and occupation.

He additional stated that, to his shock, there had been no signal of a feared descent into civil struggle in Afghanistan over the Taliban’s victory — at the very least not but. Nor had Pakistan seen an inflow of Afghanistan residents surge throughout the border, he stated, whereas providing the reminder that Pakistan already homes thousands and thousands of refugees from the protracted upheaval in its western neighbor. “We do not have the capacity to absorb more,” he stated.

Although Pakistan has erected a safety fence alongside the porous frontier with Afghanistan, Mr. Qureshi stated, “the border is open at the moment,” and that “because of that improved situation, people have started to move back.”

Still, Mr. Qureshi allowed for the chance {that a} humanitarian and financial collapse in Afghanistan remained an actual risk.

Mr. Qureshi, who has been attending the United Nations General Assembly this week, spoke with The Times, not simply concerning the disaster in neighboring Afghanistan but in addition concerning the American relationship along with his personal nation.

Though American and Afghan officers have accused Pakistan of serving to the Taliban insurgency, Mr. Qureshi described Pakistan as a “supportive ally” of the United States — each through the U.S.-led struggle in Afghanistan and the abrupt American pullout. Any notion that Pakistan had labored in opposition to the United States, Mr. Qureshi stated, was misinformed.

Mr. Qureshi spoke as a diplomatic drama was intensifying over who, if anybody, would communicate for Afghanistan on the weeklong schedule of annual speeches on the General Assembly, which concludes on Monday. The final slot on the roster is presently reserved for Afghanistan.

The ambassador of the toppled authorities, Ghulam M. Isaczai, stays the formally acknowledged envoy of Afghanistan on the United Nations. But the Taliban have requested that Suhail Shaheen, the militant motion’s spokesman in Doha, Qatar, change Mr. Isaczai and be permitted to talk on the General Assembly.

Mr. Qureshi stated it remained to be seen whether or not the Taliban’s request was justified. But he additionally stated Mr. Isaczai’s proper to characterize Afghanistan on the United Nations was not defensible as a result of his authorities had collapsed and its president, Ashraf Ghani, had fled overseas.

“Who is he speaking for?” Mr. Qureshi requested about Mr. Isaczai. The finest short-term answer for Afghanistan’s U.N. seat, Mr. Qureshi stated, is “keep it empty.”

He additionally dismissed the thought of even speaking to Mr. Isaczai. “What good would it do?” he stated. “To me he’s of no use.”

Mr. Isaczai, who has saved a comparatively low profile in latest weeks, didn’t instantly reply to messages in search of remark.

Asked who may be talking for Afghanistan on Monday, Stéphane Dujarric, the chief U.N. spokesman, stated in an emailed message that “as for now, the Afghanistan representative inscribed on the list for Monday is H.E. Mr. Ghulam M. Isaczai.”

The query over who ought to be Afghanistan’s rightful consultant on the United Nations is to be taken up by the General Assembly’s Credentials Committee, a nine-member group that features China, Russia and the United States. It is just not anticipated to handle the query till October or later.

While Pakistan is just not on the committee, Mr. Qureshi’s views on the matter are necessary as a result of his nation is one of Afghanistan’s most influential neighbors, with vital influence on its trajectory beneath Taliban management.

The U.N. Security Council, essentially the most highly effective physique within the group, has stated that the Taliban should type an inclusive authorities, defend the rights of girls, women and minorities, stop terrorist teams from utilizing Afghanistan as a base, permit the free circulate of humanitarian support and allow the exit of all who want to depart.

Mr. Qureshi stated Afghanistan’s Taliban rulers “are not unaware” of the worldwide neighborhood’s expectations regarding their normal of habits.

“Obviously they’ll be judged,” he stated. “I think they are beginning to understand.”